One of FIFA’s main requirements for a country to apply to host the games is to have a good structure for the games. According to the sports education organization Impulse, the Federation requires that the country has soccer fields with a minimum capacity of 40,000 people, that the final stadium has a minimum of 80,000 seats, that it has transportation to the venues, and that it has a technology that supports the large volume of information exchange.
In the 2014 World Cup in Brazil, the stadiums gained high-definition security cameras, smart turnstiles, faster internet, solar energy panels, and technology that indicates whether or not the ball has crossed the goal line. Another innovation in the Brazilian stadiums was the transformation into multi-purpose arenas, so that the stadiums could attend other events besides the soccer games.
In the 2018 World Cup, in Russia, considered one of the safest in the world, the stadiums had more than 9,000 cameras managed by a video surveillance system with facial recognition, controlling the entry of people in the event venues.
This year, the World Cup is in Qatar, which, even though it is between autumn and winter, has temperatures between 32 °C and 26 °C. With this hot and dry climate, in addition to FIFA’s standard requirements, it is necessary to invest in technologies so that people can stay hours in a crowded stadium. One of the innovations that already exists in the country, but which has been improved for the 2022 games, is the cooling of the stadiums. The technology in the Cup stadiums will convert sunlight into electricity, this will keep the temperature around 28ºC. According to the Attri Blog, a technology information channel, this technology is 40% more sustainable and energy efficient compared to conventional cooling techniques.
According to ESPN journalist Leonardo Bertozzi, the stadium built in the smart city of Lusail, where the opening ceremony was held and which will also host the final, has a capacity of 86,000 fans. The façade is composed of golden triangular pieces that create a curved shape, designed to reduce the building’s energy consumption, with openings that create a perforated screen and allow light to enter.
At the end of the World Cup, part of the stadiums will be dismantled, reducing capacity, thanks to innovations that allow the spaces to be removed and transformed. Stadium 974 was built with containers, in a more sustainable way, and may be totally deconstructed, even sold to a country that needs a structure for sports tournaments.
In the construction of stadiums, besides the search for more comfort and safety, sustainability is one of the main points. As a technology park, we know the importance of innovating in a responsible way with the planet, so that the best futures we are aiming for are possible.
Next week we will talk about how technology and innovation are applied in the cities of the World Cup host countries.
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